Money laundering is the act of whitewashing illegally obtained money. It is a type of financial crime. Criminals obtain money through illegal means and then circulate that funds commercially to hide their original source and make them look like they obtained it from a legal source. AML, the acronym for anti-money laundering, is the law against money laundering to keep the fraud in control.
Anti-money laundering is the defense security protocol that financial institutions have in place to combat money laundering. AML verification is closely related to the counter-financing of terrorism. Financial institutions use CFT to fight against terrorist financing. AML compliance combines money laundering (that is the source of money) and terrorist financing (the destination of money).
The Adverse Effects Of Money Laundering in Developing Countries
Money laundering is happening in almost every country around the globe. But of course, the scale varies with each county. Developing countries are more prone to facing money laundering. Therefore, it has a direct impact on their economic and social life. The countries having weak AML solutions may have prevalent money laundering activities that can never let them have a stable economy.
The societal norms of such countries are also hugely impacted by money laundering and terrorist financing. The lack of effective AML compliance can lead to drug and human trafficking. It can negatively influence the people of a particular country.
Benefits of AML Compliance
As we have touched on the adverse effects that can happen from not complying with AML monitoring, now let’s move forward to the benefits that the businesses can have if they adhere to anti-money laundering compliance:
- Stability of Financial Institutions
Financial institutions are at high risk when it comes to money laundering and terrorist financing. There are many negative effects of financial fraud like loss of identity, economic and social factors, and more.
To bring down the number of financial scams, banks, and other financial institutions are required to undergo KYC (Know Your Customer) compliance. KYC includes AML screening and CFT regulations.
Financial institutions practicing anti-money laundering compliance are the best way to counter heinous crimes and to discourage the launderers in their evil aims. Banks ensure their stability when they purify their system from financial crimes. This is the primary need of every institution to make it stable and banks achieve this stability through AML compliance.
- Compliance with Regulations
It is the legal requirement of every business to follow the rules and regulations designed for them. This not only makes them a law-abiding entity but also saves them from facing any extreme consequences in case of non-compliance.
Following AML solutions can not only prevent money laundering but also provide a chance to monitor transactions. The process of transaction monitoring can alert banks of any suspicious activity performed by the customer or any other person.
- Economic Development
Money laundering has a direct negative impact on the economic growth of a country. Illegal funds transfer takes a different path than the statutory funds. Fraudsters may put their illegally obtained money into sterile investments. Putting money into buying assets can give them an edge to conveniently spend their illegal funds on things that do not require having a record of their history. Such investments include buying jewelry, art, antiques, luxury cars, and real estate, etc.
In the worst scenario possible, criminals can easily get along doing sterile investments that can directly damage a country. Productive investments enhance the economy of a country while on the other hand, sterile investments limit their resources to a minimum level. Anti money laundering regulations are helpful in deterring fraud in a country’s economy. Anti-money laundering and CFT promotes productive investments that enhance the resources and respond to customers’ needs and increase the economy.
- Protection of their Brand Reputation
One thing that every merchant should know is that complying with regulation is not going to help anybody other than themselves. One more benefit of adhering to AML solutions is the fact that vendors or businesses would be able to secure a good brand reputation.
Non-compliance can result in gaining a bad name in the market that can lead to further problems like customer loss and a decrease in revenue.
- Fighting Crime and Corruption
A regular AML/CFT institutional framework is helpful in fighting against money laundering and terrorist financing. Money laundering is a cursive crime that in return gives birth to many crimes. Therefore, having AML compliance in place can fight crimes and corruption.
Finalizing it up
Money laundering and terrorist financing are not something nobody knows about. These are the biggest problems for mankind these days. To combat such fraud, AML compliance is the need of the hour to keep the crime in control. The fact that financial institutions can increase their stability, revenue, and earn a good name in the market is only because of AML solutions.
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